Four Wheel Drive Driving
Gopeng, Sungai Sedim, Ulu Slim, Miri, Bintulu, Kuching, Kota Kinabalu,Endau Rompin
Off Road Experience at Janda Baik link
FOUR-WHEEL DRIVING COURSES -
Endau Rompin Course Fees
4WD Basic and
Package Rates at Endau Rompin Selai
Above 10 pax
4WD Basic Drivers Training
Merekek Camp Site
4WD Basic Drivers Training
Luxury Chalet Lubok Tapah
view more details at
PACKAGE ITINERARY - BASIC 4WD DRIVERS
TRAINING (ENDAU ROMPIN)
Return 4WD transfers to
Lubok Tapah / Lubok Merekek
One or more units fully
equipped off road ready 4WD
1 night accommodation
Drinking water at site
Meals as stated in the
All equipments required for
Complimentary photo CD
Personal accident insurance
RM 1000.00 and RM 500 on
1200 hrs Arrive at Bekok
enroute at own expense
Registration at National
Lubok Tapah / Lubok Merekek
1400 hrs Introduction and
principles of 4WD
Introduction to the
different locking mechanism
- Types of
recovery - equipment.
recovery - snatch straps.
recovery - high lift jack.
items to bring when
traveling to off road
1900 hrs Dinner
0800 hrs Breakfast
0900 hrs At outdoor site
your vehicles - testing on
changing spare tyre
equipments for off roading
1300 hrs Lunch
1400 hrs Drive to outdoor
- Practical -
hill starts and stops.
- Hill ascent
tyre in difficult area
use of pulleys and straps
driving experience into the
1700 hrs Transfer to Bekok.
conduct training at Janda Baik, Gopeng, Sedim
and Taman Negara. Please email us for course
- We offer Basic and Advanced Four-wheel
Driving Courses to ensure that your first
adventure into the jungle is one where you
have confidence in your vehicle as well as
your own capabilities.
- Our Advanced Driving Course also
incorporates Rescue & Recovery Techniques to
ensure minimal damage to your vehicle.
We offer two drivers training courses.
Basic 4WD Drivers Training - Package Itinerary
as stated above
Introducing you to the basics of 4WDing and
Theory - Principles of 4WD
Practical - Hill starts and stops.
Hill ascents descent.
Picking driving lines.
Crossing Rocky terrain.
Mud and Water crossing techniques.
Basic recovery - equipment.
Basic recovery - snatch straps.
Basic recovery - high lift jack.
Basic recovery - winching.
4x4 BASIC OFF-ROADING SKILLS
- To know the 4x4 vehicle
- To train and drive on handling 4x4
vehicle and recovery technique in a safe and
- To give guidelines in preparation,
driving skill and 4x4 vehicle performance
- Responsibility to the vehicle, people
- To add team-work value
- 4x4 general knowledge test
- To know your 4x4 vehicle
- Vehicle and support equipment
- Personal preparation
- Route preparation
- On-road driving
- Off-road driving
- Recovery techniques
- After off-road
- 4x4 general knowledge tests
Advanced Driver Training - Please email us to
Advanced driver training -
Further Introducing you to the more advanced
techniques of 4WDing:
Practical - Advanced Hill starts and stops.
Hill ascents descent.
Using another vehicle in Recovery.
Advanced winch recovery.
Off track vehicle recovery.
Things to Always Carry on off road 4WD Trips
Basic recovery gear
(snatch straps, 'D' shackles, shovel, axe,
high lift jack and jacking plate; winch,
slings and chainsaw ).
First-aid kit (insect
repellent, antiseptic, burn cream, scissors,
eye drops, bandages, dressing).
Tools (ring and open
spanners, hacksaw, file, wire cutter, tyre
gauge, pump and repair kit, battery jumper
leads, spray lubricant).
Spare parts (radiator
hoses, fan belt, fuses, spark plugs, coil,
condenser, tyre tube).
Extra water, map of area,
compass, torch, knife, matches
Flint for starting fire
OFF ROAD DRIVING TIPS
When talking about Off road driving
especially in Malaysia's rain forest, we
won't escape to riding through a deep mud or
sand. Here are some tips that may useful for
all rules and regulations pertaining to
the use of public land.
Avoid areas which are
easily damaged such as swamps and
vegetated sand dunes.
Carry out all the
rubbish you brought in.
Always ask permission
before entering private land.
Leave gates as you
Before riding through deep mud or sand,
deflate your tires slightly to increase
the tire’s footprint and provide better
traction. Deflated tires will decrease
your ground clearance though. Remember
to re-inflate your tires before going
Use a steady momentum to carry you
through. Keep your speed up and use
higher gears. Don't spin your tires, and
don't stop till you're out of the deep
mud or sand. If your wheels start to
spin, ease off the throttle just a bit
and allow the tires to slow down and
If you lose traction and the vehicle is
barely moving, turn the steering wheel
quickly from side to side in short
strokes (only 1/8th turn) to allow the
front tire walls to find extra grip.
If muddy conditions force you to drive
in the ruts, know where your front
wheels are pointed at all times. Your
vehicle will follow the ruts, even with
the wheels turned to the right or left.
If you encounter a dry spot with the
wheels turned, then the front wheels can
regain traction and suddenly throw the
vehicle out of the ruts, resulting in a
loss of control and possible damage.
MODIFICATION FOR OFF ROAD 4WD
There are a few
modification to be done on your 4WD before go
off-roading (for mild Off-road). While many
off-road vehicles can greenland or "two track"
most unpaved roads, the desire of many off-roading
enthusiasts is to attempt much more challenging
terrain. The following listings show the
modifications that are done and why:
A vehicle lift is
when the normal height of a vehicle is lifted to
increase the amount of clearance between the
ground and the bottom of
the body or frame of the vehicle. There are
numerous types of vehicle lifts:
Body Lift: A simple and cheap way to lift a
vehicle that has a body on frame design such as
a pickup truck or some SUVs. A body lift
consists of larger spacers that replace the
normal mounting points of the vehicle's body on
its frame. These typically are between 1 - 4
inches. Any more than four inches (102 mm) will
create a less sturdy set up. Body lifts are not
possible on vehicles with a "Uni-body"
construction. Uni-body vehicles have the frame
formed into the body, such as on a Jeep
Suspension lift: A suspension lift is when
modifications are done to the vehicle's springs,
shocks, controlling arms and steering linkage.
In this case small or short pieces of the
suspension are replaced with longer or larger
items of similar construction. Lifting a vehicle
changes its driving dynamics and a suspension
lift adds to the vehicle's handling capabilities
in relation to the increased height.
Increases in the price of
gas, accompany the increase in the number of
Continuous increase in the price of gas is
common news nowadays. This is accompanied by an
upsurge in advertising exposures for “gas
saving” gadgets. These products attract
potential buyers searching for methods to
maximize fuel efficiency.
There are important procedures car owners can
take in consideration to improve gas mileage.
According to the Better Business Bureau, the
public should be critical in assessing products
that claim gas saving features for vehicle
devices or additives for gas and oil.
There are products that feature gas-saving
features that really work. In addition to that,
consumers could be facing a major engine trouble
or a nullified creator’s warranty by putting
devices to the Engine. Consumers should be wary
of these specific advertising slogans: “20
percent fuel efficiency improvement”
A hundred or more devices that feature
gas-saving qualities are proven untrue by the
Environmental Protection Agency. Worse, there
are so-called “gas-saving” devices that may
cause a harmful effect to a vehicle’s engine.
Another side effect is more
smoke emissions. Examples of these devices are
Engine Modifiers, Additives, Fuel Line Gadgets,
Liquid Injection, Vapor and Air Release Devices
and a lot more.
Consumer testimonials are common in fuel saving
ads. Assuming these testimonials are not made
up, few consumers test the fuel consumption of
their vehicle before putting on the gadget.
Therefore, an objective comparison of the fuel
consumption before and after the product was
added will not be attained.
The following are practical tips to conserve
Just drive reasonably within the speed limit.
Remember that speeds of more than 60 miles per
hour increase fuel consumption.
Do not do sudden starts, accelerations and
Acceleration should be done gradually. The gas
pedal should not be stepped on more than one
fourth of the way down. This will allow the
engine to function most efficiently. Gas
conservation could reach up to 5 percent if
sudden stops, jerks and accelerations are
Make use of gears for overdrive and cruise
control as needed. Fuel efficiency is attained
when moving on the highway.
Windows should be closed on highways. Windows
that are open can create air drag that can
decrease the fuel consumption by 10%.
Take out unnecessary baggage. The trunk should
be kept clean, any gadget, tools or loads that
are not needed should be taken out. 100 pounds
of extra baggage can affect fuel economy by two
The car should always be maintained. The engine
should be given a regular tune up, the tires
should always have the right air pressure and
efficiently aligned, the oil should be changed
when needed and air filters replaced regularly.
Clogged filters can affect gas consumption
adversely by up to ten percent.
the engine whenever there is an opportunity.
Idle engine wastes fuel. There are instances
where the engine could be turned off; stopping
for gas, waiting for someone, changing tire
pressure, caught in traffic and a lot more.
Engine warm-up fuel conservation tips:
Lengthy warming up of the engine should be
avoided. 30 to 45 seconds should be enough time.
Check if the automatic check is removed after
warming up the engine. This is usually stuck
which could usually cause poor gas and air
Do not rev the engine. This is usually done
before turning off the engine. This causes
unnecessary fuel loss and also washes the oil
within the cylinder walls. As an effect, there
is air pressure loss and consequently fuel loss
This is the most recent, and
usually the most difficult, form of course
trialling. Again, a course is laid out with a
series of gates and vehicles must complete as
many gates in a course as possible. However,
these events take place on very difficult
terrain- difficult to the extent that vehicles
are not expected to be able to complete the
course without the use of a recovery winch.
Winching is a definite skill
in itself, aside from off-road driving, and
brings elements of team-playing into the trial,
as a successful (and safe) vehicle recovery
needs at least 2 people to complete. Some trials
are for teams of 2 or 3 vehicles, each helping
to recover the others through obstacles. A Winch
Challenge may extend to other off-road driving
skills, such as building a log bridge to cross a
SAFE WINCHING TECHNIQUES
Every winching situation has a potential for
personal injury. In order to minimize that risk,
it is important that the user are being guided,
familiarise, think safety before using the
The basic training is a guide which provides
understanding proper winching technique. It is
because every winching situation is different,
constant judgment and consistent focus on safety
is of great importance.
Winch design and mechanism
How the winch works
How to choose a winch
Winching hand signals
DO's and don'ts
IS 4WD SYSTEM
The main component that differentiate the 2WD
(normal vehicles) and 4WD is on their
transmission system or an automotive drive
system in which mechanical power is transmitted
from the drive shaft to all four wheels.
Normal vehicles only powered by main gear
transmission box as compared with 4WD vehicle is
also attached additional gear box or transfer
case / gear which usually located behind the
gear transmission box.
Transfer case main function is as a housing for
drive shaft / propeller shaft to move the wheel
forward and backward. Transfer case box possess
2 additional set ratio gear that are high (4
High / 4H) and low (4 Low / 4L).
When you choose a low gear ratio that mean you
are doubling the torque to the wheel. Low torque
circle with the mechanical transmission system
enable all four wheel advantage to climb or to
carry heavy load. Please remember that with 4
Low gear ratio does not give you wheel grasp but
only to supply more torque for your wheel.
There are two type of 4 wheel system that is
full time 4WD and part time 4WD.
Mitsubishi Pajero is classified as a part time
4WD and this type of 4WD become more popular in
When to use 4H:
for traction when the area isn't steep
when stuck in sand
extremely slippery conditions
rocky, gravel roads
extremely muddy areas
Low Range 4WD
4L is for creeping along at slow speeds. It
reduces the strain on your vehicle, just
remember to stay below 25mph in low range. While
it does not provide more traction, it does
provide 2-3 times more torque at about 1/2 or
1/3 of the speeds in high range. Low range gear
ratios are approximately half that of high
When to use 4L:
on wet, slippery surfaces
passing through sandy areas
on rough trails
through shallow water
climbing steep hills
descending steep hills
Don't change gears in the middle of a water
crossing, going up or down hills, or in sand
Be prepared: Engage low-range 4WD before you
Don't operate 4WD on hard dry surfaces.
When in doubt, use a lower gear!
Copyright, Tour Malaysia, 2012 Photography
provided by www.tourmalaysia.com.my